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    Chronic motor tic disorder

    Chronic vocal tic disorder; Tic - chronic motor tic disorder

    Chronic motor tic disorder is a condition that involves quick, uncontrollable movements or vocal outbursts (but not both).

    Causes

    Chronic motor tic disorderis more common than Tourette syndrome. Chronic tics may be forms of Tourette syndrome. Tics usually start at age 5 or 6 and get worse until age 12. They often improve during adulthood.

    Symptoms

    A tic is a sudden, fast, repeated movement or sound that has no reason or goal. Tics can involve:

    • Excessive blinking
    • Grimaces of the face
    • Quick movements of the arms, legs, or other areas
    • Sounds (grunts, throat clearing, contractions of the abdomen or diaphragm)

    Some persons have many kinds of tics.

    A person with the conditioncan hold off these symptoms for a short time. But they feel relief when they carry out these movements.They oftendescribe the ticsas aresponse to an inner urge.Some say theyhave abnormal sensations in the area of the ticbefore theit occurs.

    Tics may continue during all stages of sleep. They may get worse with:

    • Excitement
    • Fatigue
    • Heat
    • Stress

    Exams and Tests

    The doctor can usually diagnose a tic during a physical examination. Tests are generally not needed.

    To be diagnosed with the disorder:

    • You must have had the tics nearly every day for more than a year
    • You have not had a tic-free period longer than 3 months

    Treatment

    Treatment depends on howsevere the tics are and how the condition affects you. Medicines and talk therapy (psychotherapy) are used when the tics greatlyaffect daily activities, such as school and job performance.

    Medicines can help control or reduce tics. But they have side effects such as movement andthinkingproblems.

    Outlook (Prognosis)

    Children who develop this disorder between ages 6 and 8 usually do very well. Symptoms may last 4 to 6 years, and then stop in the earlyteens without treatment.

    When the disorder begins in older children and continues into the 20s, it may become a life-long condition

    Possible Complications

    There are usually no complications.

    When to Contact a Medical Professional

    There is usually no need to see the health care provider for a tic unless it is severe or disrupts your life.

    If you cannot tell whether your movements are a tic or something more serious (such as a seizure), call your health care provider.

    References

    Jankovic J, Lang AE. Movement disorders. In: Daroff RB, Fenichel GM, Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC. Bradley’s Neurology in Clinical Practice. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 21.

    Ryan CA, Gosselin GJ, DeMaso DR. Habit and tic disorders. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St. Geme JW III, et al., eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 22.

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            Tests for Chronic motor tic disorder

              Review Date: 2/27/2013

              Reviewed By: Luc Jasmin, MD, PhD, Department of Neurosurgery, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles and Department of Anatomy, University of California, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

              The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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