St. Luke's Hospital
Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
Find a Physician Payment Options Locations & Directions
Follow us on: facebook twitter Mobile Email Page Email Page Print Page Print Page Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size Font Size
America's 50 Best Hospitals
Meet the Doctor
Spirit of Women
Community Health Needs Assessment
Home > Health Information

Multimedia Encyclopedia

    Print-Friendly
    Bookmarks

    Roseola

    Exanthem subitum; Sixth disease

    Roseola is a viral infection that commonly affects infants and young children. It involves a pinkish-red skin rash and high fever.

    Causes

    Roseola is common in children ages 3 months to 4 years, and most common in those ages 6 months to 1 year.

    It is caused by a virus called human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), although similar syndromes are possible with other viruses.

    Symptoms

    The time between becoming infected and the beginning of symptoms (incubation period) is 5 to 15 days.

    The first symptoms include:

    • Eye redness
    • Irritability
    • Runny nose
    • Sore throat
    • High fever, that comes on quickly and may be as high as 105° Fahrenheit and can last 3 to 7 days

    About 2 - 4 days after becoming sick, the child's fever lowers and a rash appears. This rash usually:

    • Starts on the middle of the body and spreads to the arms, legs, neck, and face.
    • Pink or rose-colored,
    • Has small sores that are slightly raised

    The rash lasts from a few hours to 2 - 3 days. It usually does not itch.

    Exams and Tests

    Your health care provider will perform a physical exam and ask questions about the child's medical history. The child may have swollen lymph nodes in the neck or back of the scalp.

    Treatment

    There is no specific treatment for roseola. The disease usually gets better on its own without complications.

    Acetaminophen (Tylenol) and cool sponge baths can help reduce the fever. Some children may have seizures when they get high fevers. If this occurs, call your doctor or go to the closest emergency room.

    Possible Complications

    • Aseptic meningitis (rare)
    • Encephalitis (rare)
    • Febrile seizure

    When to Contact a Medical Professional

    Call your health care provider if your child:

    • Has a fever that does not go down with acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) and a cool bath
    • Continues to appear very sick
    • Is irritable or seems extremely tired

    Go to the emergency room or call the local emergency number (such as 911) if your child has convulsions.

    Prevention

    Careful handwashing can help prevent the spread of the viruses that cause roseola.

    References

    Leach CT. Roseola (human herpesviruses 6 and 7). In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 253.

    Caserta MT. Roseola. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 248.

    BACK TO TOP

    • Roseola

      illustration

    • Temperature measurement

      illustration

      • Roseola

        illustration

      • Temperature measurement

        illustration

      Review Date: 8/2/2011

      Reviewed By: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

      The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
      adam.com

      A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Fire Fox and chrome browser.


      Back  |  Top
      About Us
      Contact Us
      History
      Mission
      Locations & Directions
      Quality Reports
      Annual Reports
      Honors & Awards
      Community Health Needs
      Assessment

      Newsroom
      Services
      Brain & Spine
      Cancer
      Heart
      Maternity
      Orthopedics
      Pulmonary
      Sleep Medicine
      Urgent Care
      Women's Services
      All Services
      Patients & Visitors
      Locations & Directions
      Find a Physician
      Tour St. Luke's
      Patient & Visitor Information
      Contact Us
      Payment Options
      Financial Assistance
      Send a Card
      Mammogram Appointments
      Health Tools
      My Personal Health
      mystlukes
      Spirit of Women
      Health Information & Tools
      Clinical Trials
      Health Risk Assessments
      Employer Programs -
      Passport to Wellness

      Classes & Events
      Classes & Events
      Spirit of Women
      Donate & Volunteer
      Giving Opportunities
      Volunteer
      Physicians & Employees
      For Physicians
      Remote Access
      Medical Residency Information
      Pharmacy Residency Information
      Physician CPOE Training
      Careers
      Careers
      St. Luke's Hospital - 232 South Woods Mill Road - Chesterfield, MO 63017 Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
      Copyright © St. Luke's Hospital Website Terms and Conditions  |  Privacy Policy  |  Patient Notice of Privacy Policies PDF Sitemap St. Luke's Mobile