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    Epstein pearls

    Gingival cysts of the newborn

    Epstein pearls are whitish-yellow cysts that form on the gums and roof of the mouth in a newborn baby.

    A similar kind of skin problem in babies ismilia .

    Causes

    Epstein pearls occur only in the newborn and are very common. They are seen in approximately 80% of newborns.

    Symptoms

    Whitish-yellow nodules appear on the gums or the roof of the mouth in a newborn. They sometimes look like emerging teeth.

    Exams and Tests

    Examination of the infant confirms that these are Epstein pearls and not teeth present at birth (natal teeth).

    Treatment

    No treatment is necessary. The condition is harmless.

    Outlook (Prognosis)

    Epstein pearls disappear within 1 to 2 weeks of birth.

    When to Contact a Medical Professional

    If you are concerned about Epstein pearls in your infant, discuss it with your health care provider during a routine well-baby examination.

    References

    Hellstein JW. Odontogenesis, odontogenic cysts, and odontogenic tumors. In: Cummings CW, Flint PW, Haughey BH, et al, eds. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2010:chap 93.

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          Tests for Epstein pearls

            Review Date: 5/15/2012

            Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

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            St. Luke's Hospital - 232 South Woods Mill Road - Chesterfield, MO 63017 Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
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