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    Developmental milestones record - 5 years

    Normal childhood growth milestones - 5 years; Childhood growth milestones - 5 years; Growth milestones for children - 5 years

    This article describes the skills and growth markers relevant to 5-year-old children.

    Information

    Physical and motor skill milestones for a 5-year-old child may include:

    • Gains about 4 - 5 pounds per year
    • Grows about 2 - 3 inches per year
    • Vision has reached 20/20
    • Erupting the first permanent teeth (most children do not get their first permanent teeth until age 6)
    • Developing increased coordination
    • Skipping, jumping, and hopping with good balance
    • Maintaining balance while standing on one foot with eyes closed
    • Showing increased skill with simple tools and writing utensils
    • Can copy a triangle
    • Spreads with a knife

    Sensory and cognitive milestones:

    • Vocabulary increasing to over 2,000 words
    • Composing sentences of 5 or more words, and with all parts of speech
    • Identifying coins
    • Counting to 10
    • Knows telephone number
    • Properly naming the primary colors and possibly many more
    • Questioning more deeply, addressing meaning and purpose
    • Responding to "why" questions
    • Behaving more responsibly and apologizing for mistakes
    • Decreasing aggressive behavior
    • Outgrowing earlier childhood fears
    • Accepting other points of view (but may not understand them)
    • Demonstrating increased mathematical skill
    • Questioning others, including parents
    • Strongly identifying with the parent of the same sex
    • Having a group of friends
    • Engaging in imaginative play (for example, a trip to the moon)

    Ways to encourage a 5-year-old's development may include:

    • Reading together
    • Providing the necessary space for physical activity
    • Instructing the child to participate in -- and learn the rules of -- sporting activities
    • Encouraging the child to play with other children, which helps develop social skills
    • Playing creatively with the child
    • Monitoring both the time and content of television viewing
    • Visiting local areas of interest
    • Encouraging the child to take responsibility for small household chores, such as helping set the table or picking up toys after playing

    References

    Feigelman S. The preschool years. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 10.

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              Review Date: 5/12/2012

              Reviewed By: Jennifer K. Mannheim, ARNP, Medical Staff, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health, Seattle Children's Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

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              St. Luke's Hospital - 232 South Woods Mill Road - Chesterfield, MO 63017 Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
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