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    Appetite - increased

    Hyperphagia; Increased appetite; Hunger; Excessive hunger; Polyphagia

    Increased appetite means you have an excess desire for food.

    Considerations

    An increased appetite can be a symptom of different diseases. For example, it may be due to certain mental conditions and endocrine gland disorders.

    An increased appetite can come and go (intermittent), or it can last for long periods of time (persistent), depending on the cause. It does not always result in weight gain.

    The terms "hyperphagia" and "polyphagia" refer to someone who is focused only on eating, or who eats excessively before feeling full.

    Causes

    Causes of increased appetite include:

    • Anxiety
    • Certain drugs (such as corticosteroids, cyproheptadine, and tricyclic antidepressants)
    • Bulimia (most common in women 18 - 30 years old)
    • Diabetes mellitus (including gestational diabetes)
    • Graves' disease
    • Hyperthyroidism
    • Hypoglycemia
    • Premenstrual syndrome

    Home Care

    Emotional support, and in some cases counseling, are recommended.

    If a medication is causing increased appetite and weight gain, your health care provider may decrease your dosage or recommend a different drug. Never stop taking your medication without first talking to your health care provider.

    When to Contact a Medical Professional

    Contact your health care provider if:

    • You have an unexplained, persistent increase in appetite
    • You have other unexplained symptoms

    What to Expect at Your Office Visit

    Your health care provider will exam you, weigh you,and ask questions about your medical history. exam. You also may have a psychological evaluation.

    Questionsmay include:

    • Eating habits
      • Have you changed your eating habits?
      • Have you begun dieting?
      • Do you have concerns about your weight?
      • What do you eat in a typical day?
      • How much do you eat?
    • Medication
      • What medications are you taking?
      • Are you taking any new medications, or have you changed the dose of your medications?
      • Do you use any illicit drugs? If so, which ones?
    • Time pattern
      • Does the hunger occur during the sleep period?
      • Does the hunger seem to occur in a pattern related to your menstrual cycle?
    • Other
      • What other symptoms are you having at the same time?
      • Have you noticed an increase in anxiety?
      • Do you frequently urinate?
      • Do you have an increased heart rate?
      • Do you have palpitations?
      • Do you feel more thirsty?
      • Have you had an unintentional weight gain?
      • Do you experience intentional or unintentional vomiting?

    Tests that may be done include:

    • Blood tests, including a chemistry profile
    • Thyroid function tests

    References

    Jensen MD. Obesity. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 227.

    Clemmons DR. Approach to the patient with endocrine disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 228.

    Becker AE, Baker CW. Eating disorders. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger & Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2010:chap 8.

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      • Lower digestive anatomy

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          Tests for Appetite - increased

            Review Date: 10/14/2012

            Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

            The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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