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    Skin - clammy

    Sweat - cold; Clammy skin; Cold sweat

    Clammy skin is cool, moist, and usually pale.

    Considerations

    Clammy skin may be an emergency. Call your doctor or your local emergency number, such as 911.

    Causes

    • Anxiety attack
    • Heart attack
    • Heat exhaustion
    • Internal bleeding
    • Low blood oxygen levels
    • Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)
    • Severe pain
    • Shock

    Home Care

    Home care depends on what is causing the clammy skin. Call for medical help if you are not sure.

    If you think the person is in shock, lie him or her down on the back and raise the legs about 12 inches. Call your local emergency number (such as 911) or take the person to the hospital.

    If the clammy skin may be due to heat exhaustion and the person is awake and can swallow:

    • Have the person drink plenty of fluids
    • Move the person to a cool, shaded place

    When to Contact a Medical Professional

    Seek immediate medical help if the person has any of the following signs or symptoms:

    • Altered medical status or thinking ability
    • Chest, abdominal or back pain or discomfort
    • Headache
    • Passage of blood in the stool: black stool, bright red or maroon blood
    • Recurrent or persistent vomiting, especially of blood
    • Possible drug abuse
    • Shortness of breath
    • Signs of shock (such as confusion, lower level of alertness, or weak pulse)

    Always contact your doctor or go to the emergency department if the symptoms do not go away quickly.

    What to Expect at Your Office Visit

    The health care provider will perform a physical exam and ask questions about the symptoms and the patient's medical history, including:

    • How quickly did the clammy skin develop?
    • Has it ever happened before?
    • Has the person been injured?
    • Is the person in pain?
    • Does the person seem anxious or stressed?
    • Has the person recently been exposed to high temperatures?
    • What other symptoms are present?

    References

    Jones AE, Kline JA. Shock. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. Rosen’s Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2009:chap 4.

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                  Review Date: 1/1/2013

                  Reviewed By: Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA, Emergency Medicine, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

                  The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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                  St. Luke's Hospital - 232 South Woods Mill Road - Chesterfield, MO 63017 Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
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