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    Hyperelastic skin

    India rubber skin

    Hyperelastic skin is skin that can be stretched beyond what is considered normal. Skin then returns to normal.

    Considerations

    Hyperelasticity occurs when there is a problem with how the body makes collagen fibers. Collagen is a type of protein that makes up much of the body's tissue.

    Causes

    Hyperelastic skin is most often seen in the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. People with this disorder have very elastic skin and joints that can be bent more than is normally possible. For this reason, they are sometimes referred to as rubber men or women.

    Other diseases that may causeskin that is easily stretched include:

    • Marfan syndrome
    • Osteogenesis imperfecta
    • Pseudoxanthoma elasticum
    • Subcutaneous T-cell lymphoma
    • Sun-related changes of older skin

    Home Care

    You need to take special steps to avoid skin damage when you have this condition because your skin is more delicate than normal. You are more likely to getcuts and scrapes and scars may stretch and become morevisible.

    Talk to your doctor about steps you should take for this problem and get skin check ups often.

    When to Contact a Medical Professional

    Call your health care provider if:

    • Your skin appears to be very stretchy
    • Your child appears to have delicate skin

    What to Expect at Your Office Visit

    Your doctor will do physical exam to assessyour skin, bones, muscles, and joints.

    Some questions you may be asked include:

    • Did the skin appear abnormal at birth, or did this develop over time?
    • Is there a history of the skin becoming damaged easily, or being slow to heal?
    • Have you or any member of your family been diagnosed withEhlers-Danlos syndrome?
    • What other symptoms are present?

    References

    Islam MP, Roach ES. Neurocutaneous syndromes. In: Daroff RB, Fenichel GM, Jankovic J, eds. Neurology in Clinical Practice. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2012:chap 65.

    Morelli JG. Diseases of the dermis. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed.Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 651.

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    • Ehlers-Danlos, hyperelas...

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      • Ehlers-Danlos, hyperelas...

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            Tests for Hyperelastic skin

              Review Date: 11/20/2012

              Reviewed By: Kevin Berman, MD, PhD, Atlanta Center for Dermatologic Disease, Atlanta, GA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

              The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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