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    Tongue biopsy

    Biopsy - tongue

    A tongue biopsy is surgery to remove a piece of the tongue to look at under a microscope.

    How the Test is Performed

    A tongue biopsy can be done using a needle.

    • You will get numbing medicine at the place where the biopsy is to be done.
    • The health care provider will gently stick the needle into the tongue and removes a tiny piece of tissue.

    Some types of tongue biopsies remove a thin slice of tissue. Others are done under general anesthesia. You will be asleep and pain-free so that a larger area may be removed and examined.


    How to Prepare for the Test

    You may be told not to eat or drink anything for several hours before the test.

    How the Test Will Feel

    Your tongue is very sensitive so a needle biopsy may be uncomfortable even when numbing medicine is used.

    Your tongue can be tender or sore, and it may feel slightly swollen after the biopsy. You may be stitches or an open sore where the biopsy was done.

    Why the Test is Performed

    The test is done to find the cause of abnormal growths or suspicious-looking areas of the tongue.

    Normal Results

    The tongue tissue is normal when examined.

    What Abnormal Results Mean

    Risks

    • Bleeding
    • Infection
    • Swelling of the tongue (can obstruct the airway and cause breathing difficulty)

    References

    Eusterman VD. History and Physical Examination, Screening and Diagnostic Testing. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. Feb 2011;44(1):1-29.

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    • Throat anatomy

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    • Tongue biopsy

      illustration

      • Throat anatomy

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      • Tongue biopsy

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      A Closer Look

        Self Care

          Tests for Tongue biopsy

          Review Date: 3/22/2013

          Reviewed By: Ashutosh Kacker, MD, BS, Associate Professor of Otolaryngology, Weill Cornell Medical College, and Associate Attending Otolaryngologist, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

          The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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          St. Luke's Hospital - 232 South Woods Mill Road - Chesterfield, MO 63017 Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
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