Osteoporosis (bone loss) is the main disease that comes from not getting enough calcium. Lack of calcium also may be linked with bone pain and spinal problems. Low levels can also cause muscle cramps, irregular heartbeat, and depression.
DHEA is a hormone your body makes. Lower levels of DHEA have been linked to various conditions such as certain cancers, heart problems, inflammatory diseases, and Type II diabetes. Symptoms of low DHEA can include fatigue, trouble concentrating, low sex drive, and dry skin.
Magnesium deficiency also affects calcium and vitamin D levels in the body. It may be linked to muscle cramps, heart problems, high blood pressure, diabetes, and osteoporosis.
Lower levels of melatonin in the body have been linked to sleep problems and jet lag. Melatonin may also play a role in keeping your immune system strong.
Symptoms of potassium deficiency include loss of appetite, nausea, drowsiness, feelings of apprehension, fatigue, muscle pain and weakness (usually in the legs). Severe cases may lead to irregular heartbeat.
Protein and Amino Acid
Not having enough protein can cause a weakened immune system, making you more likely to get an infection and causing wounds to heal slower. It can also lead to muscle and weight loss. In severe cases, it may cause slow growth and skin and hair problems.
Not getting enough selenium over a period of time may make you more susceptible to developing other conditions, such as cancer, diabetes, or liver disease. Low levels of selenium may be linked to problems with the muscles, heart, and digestive system.
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
Your body uses vitamin B6 to produce red blood cells and to use protein from food. Symptoms of vitamin B6 deficiency may include skin inflammation, sore tongue, depression, mental confusion, seizures, and anemia. Over many years, low levels of vitamin B6 may also increase the risk of heart disease, as well as colon and prostate cancers.
Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid)
Low levels of folic acid have been linked to anemia, heart disease, birth defects, and colon cancer. Symptoms may include fatigue, mouth sores, swollen tongue, and poor growth.
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
Noticeable symptoms of a vitamin B12 deficiency can take years to show up. Irritability, weakness, numbness, anemia, loss of appetite, headache, personality changes, and confusion are some of the signs and symptoms associated with very low levels of vitamin B12. Low levels of this vitamin may also be associated with an increased risk of colon cancer, heart disease, brain problems, and birth defects.
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
Low levels of vitamin C can cause your gums to bleed and your skin to bruise easily. Other symptoms include wounds that are slow to heal, dry hair, fatigue and anemia, and dry, rough skin. In severe cases, vitamin C deficiency leads to scurvy, a life-threatening condition that affects muscles and bones. Scurvy is rare, however, because it's easy to get enough vitamin C in your diet.
Vitamin D works with calcium to keep bones strong. Over a long period of time, levels of vitamin D can cause rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults, conditions where the bones get soft and thin. It can also raise the risk of osteoporosis and it may increase the risk of some cancers.
Signs and symptoms of low levels of zinc include loss of appetite or sense of taste, weakened immune system, slow growth, skin changes, and being more susceptible to infection.
The information presented here covers some of the nutrients that may be lowered when you take certain medications. The signs and symptoms listed can be caused by other conditions. So if you have these signs and symptoms, it doesn't always mean you have low levels of these nutrients. Many things affect the level of nutrients, including your medical history, diet, and lifestyle, as well as how long you have been taking the medication. Please talk with your health care provider. He or she can best address your health care needs and see if you are at risk for low levels of any nutrients.
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