Tubal ligation is surgery to tie the tubes (fallopian tubes) of a woman. This prevents transport of the egg (ovum) to the uterus, causing permanent infertility (sterility). Tubal ligation may be recommended for adult women who wish to prevent future pregnancies (permanent sterilization). Tubal ligation is not recommended as a temporary or reversible procedure.
Tubal ligation occurs in the hospital while the patient is deeply asleep and free of pain (using general anesthesia). A small incision is made in the abdomen, through which a small telescope (laparoscope) is inserted. The tubes (fallopian tubes) are tied off and cut apart. The skin incision is stitched closed. The patient is able to return home within a few hours after the procedure.
Tubal ligation can be performed immediately after childbirth.