St. Luke's Hospital
Located in Chesterfield, MO
Main Number: 314-434-1500
Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
Find a Physician Payment Options Locations & Directions
Follow us on: facebook twitter Mobile Email Page Email Page Print Page Print Page Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size Font Size
Meet the Doctor
Spirit of Women
Community Health Needs Assessment
Home > Health Information

Multimedia Encyclopedia


    Urinary tract infection in children - aftercare

    If your child has a urinary tract infection and has been lethargic, irritable, or not drinking or eating well, these symptoms should begin to improve in 1 - 2 days after treatment begins.

    (Note: if your child has a brain or nervous system disorder or abnormal changes or defects in their urinary tract, talk to your doctor before following these instructions.)

    Treating the Infection

    Your child will be given antibiotics to be taken by mouth at home. These may come as pills, capsules, or a liquid.

    • For a simple bladder infection, your child will likely take antibiotics for 3 - 5 days. If your child has a fever, your child may take antibiotics for 10 - 14 days.
    • Antibiotics may cause side effects, such as nausea or vomiting, diarrhea, and other symptoms. Report these to your child's doctor, but do NOT just stop giving the pills to your child.
    • It is important that your child finishes all the antibiotics, even if after your child begins to feel better. Urinary tract infections that are not well treated and become worse can cause harm to your child's kidneys.

    Your doctor may also give your child a drug to relieve the burning pain and urgent need to urinate. The urine will have an orange or red color when taking this drug. Your child will still need to take antibiotics.

    Preventing Future Urinary Tract Infections

    Preventing Future Urinary Tract Infections

    Changes in your child's bathing or hygiene may help prevent some UTIs:

    • Avoid giving your child bubble baths.
    • Have your child wear loose-fitting clothing and cotton-cloth underwear.
    • Keep your child's genital area clean to prevent bacteria from entering through the urethra.
    • Teach your child to go the bathroom several times every day.
    • Teach your child to wipe the genital area from front to back to reduce the chance of spreading bacteria from the anus to the urethra.

    Constipation should be avoided. Your child should {eat foods with high fiber-60-193], such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables.


    See or call your child's health care provider after your child finishes taking antibiotics to make sure that the infection is gone.

    When to Call the Doctor

    Call right away if the following symptoms develop:

    • Back or side pain
    • Chills
    • Fever
    • Vomiting

    These may be signs of a possible kidney infection.

    Also call if your child has already been diagnosed with a UTI and the symptoms come back shortly after your child finishes antibiotics.

    At any time in the future, call your health care provider for symptoms of a bladder infection:

    • Blood in the urine
    • Cloudy urine
    • Foul or strong urine odor
    • Frequent or urgent need to urinate
    • General ill feeling (malaise)
    • Pain or burning with urination
    • Pressure or pain in the lower pelvis or lower back
    • Wetting problems after the child has been toilet trained
    • Low-grade fever


    White B. Diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infections in children. Am Fam Physician. 2011 Feb 15;83(4):409-15.

    Williams G, Craig JC. Long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Mar 16;(3):CD001534


          A Closer Look

            Talking to your MD

              Self Care

              Tests for Urinary tract infection in children - aftercare

                Review Date: 10/27/2011

                Reviewed By: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

                The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

                A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Fire Fox and chrome browser.

                Back  |  Top
                About Us
                Contact Us
                Locations & Directions
                Quality Reports
                Annual Reports
                Honors & Awards
                Community Health Needs

                Brain & Spine
                Sleep Medicine
                Urgent Care
                Women's Services
                All Services
                Patients & Visitors
                Locations & Directions
                Find a Physician
                Tour St. Luke's
                Patient & Visitor Information
                Contact Us
                Payment Options
                Financial Assistance
                Send a Card
                Mammogram Appointments
                Health Tools
                My Personal Health
                Spirit of Women
                Health Information & Tools
                Clinical Trials
                Employer Programs -
                Passport to Wellness

                Classes & Events
                Classes & Events
                Spirit of Women
                Donate & Volunteer
                Giving Opportunities
                Physicians & Employees
                For Physicians
                Remote Access
                Medical Residency Information
                Pharmacy Residency Information
                Physician CPOE Training
                St. Luke's Hospital - 232 South Woods Mill Road - Chesterfield, MO 63017 Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
                Copyright © St. Luke's Hospital Website Terms and Conditions  |  Privacy Policy  |  Notice of Privacy Practices PDF  |  Patient Rights PDF Sitemap St. Luke's Mobile