St. Luke's Hospital
Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
Find a Physician Payment Options Locations & Directions
Follow us on: facebook twitter Mobile Email Page Email Page Print Page Print Page Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size Font Size
America's 50 Best Hospitals
Meet the Doctor
Spirit of Women
Community Health Needs Assessment
Home > Health Information

Multimedia Encyclopedia

    Print-Friendly
    Bookmarks

    Skin lesion biopsy

    Punch biopsy; Shave biopsy; Skin biopsy; Biopsy - skin

    A skin lesion biopsy is the removal of a piece of suspected abnormal skin to diagnose or rule out an illness.

    There are several ways to do a skin biopsy. Most procedures are easily done in your doctor's office or an outpatient medical office.

    Which procedure you have depends on the location, size, and type of lesion. A lesion is an abnormal area of the skin. This can be a lump,sore, or an area of skin color that is not normal.

    You will receive some type of numbing medicine (anesthetic) before any type of skin biopsy. Types of skin biopsiesare described below.

    Shave Biopsy

    A shave biopsy is the least invasive method. Your doctor uses a small blade to remove the outermost layers of skin. The area removed includes all or part of the lesion. You do not need stitches. At the end of the procedure, medicine is applied to the area to stop any bleeding.

    Punch Biopsy

    A punch biopsy is most often used for deeper skin lesions. Your doctor uses a skin punch tool to remove a small round piece of skin. The area removed is about the size of a pencil eraser.It includes all or part of the lesion. Medicine is put on the area to stop any bleeding. Often, the area is closed with stitches.

    Excisional Biopsy

    An excisional biopsy is usually done by a surgeon. During the procedure, the entire lesion is removed. Numbing medicine is injected into the area. The entire lesion is removed, going as deep as needed to get the whole area. The area is closed with stitches. If a large area is biopsied, a skin graft or flap of normal skin may be used to replace the skin that was removed.

    Incisional Biopsy

    An incisional biopsy takes only a piece of a large lesion for examination. Numbing medicine is injected into the area. A piece of the growth is cut and sent to the lab for examination. You may have stitches, if needed. The rest of the growth can be treated after the diagnosis is made.

    Tell your health care provider:

    • About the medicines you are taking, including vitamins and supplements, herbal remedies, and over-the-counter medicines
    • If you have any allergies
    • If you have bleeding problems
    • If you are or think you might be pregnant

    Follow your health care provider's instructions on how to prepare for the biopsy.

    There is a brief prick and sting as the anesthetic is injected.The biopsy areamay be tender for a fewdays afterward.

    Your doctor may order a skin biopsy if you have signs or symptoms of:

    • Chronic or acute skin rashes
    • Noncancerous (benign) growths
    • Skin cancer
    • Other skin conditions

    A normal result means that the skin area that was removed is healthy. Doctors call this a negative biopsy result.

    The test may reveal skin cancer or a noncancerous (benign) condition. Bacteria and fungi can be identified. The test may also reveal some types of inflammatory skin diseases. Once the diagnosis is confirmed with the biopsy, a treatment plan is usually started.

    Risks

    Risks of a skin biopsy may include:

    • Infection
    • Scar (keloids)

    You will bleed slightly during the procedure. Tell your doctor if you have a history of bleeding problems.

    References

    Affleck AG, Colver G. Skin biopsy techniques. In: Robinson JK, Hanke CW, Siegel DM, Fratila A, eds. Surgery of the Skin: Procedural Dermatology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Mosby; 2010:chap 11.

    Habif TP. Clinical Dermatology: A Color Guide to Diagnosis and Therapy. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Mosby; 2009:chap 27.

    BACK TO TOP

          A Closer Look

          Self Care

            Tests for Skin lesion biopsy

            Review Date: 9/20/2013

            Reviewed By: Kevin Berman, MD, PhD, Atlanta Center for Dermatologic Disease, Atlanta, GA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

            The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
            adam.com

            A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Fire Fox and chrome browser.


            Back  |  Top
            About Us
            Contact Us
            History
            Mission
            Locations & Directions
            Quality Reports
            Annual Reports
            Honors & Awards
            Community Health Needs
            Assessment

            Newsroom
            Services
            Brain & Spine
            Cancer
            Heart
            Maternity
            Orthopedics
            Pulmonary
            Sleep Medicine
            Urgent Care
            Women's Services
            All Services
            Patients & Visitors
            Locations & Directions
            Find a Physician
            Tour St. Luke's
            Patient & Visitor Information
            Contact Us
            Payment Options
            Financial Assistance
            Send a Card
            Mammogram Appointments
            Health Tools
            My Personal Health
            mystlukes
            Spirit of Women
            Health Information & Tools
            Clinical Trials
            Health Risk Assessments
            Employer Programs -
            Passport to Wellness

            Classes & Events
            Classes & Events
            Spirit of Women
            Donate & Volunteer
            Giving Opportunities
            Volunteer
            Physicians & Employees
            For Physicians
            Remote Access
            Medical Residency Information
            Pharmacy Residency Information
            Physician CPOE Training
            Careers
            Careers
            St. Luke's Hospital - 232 South Woods Mill Road - Chesterfield, MO 63017 Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
            Copyright © St. Luke's Hospital Website Terms and Conditions  |  Privacy Policy  |  Patient Notice of Privacy Policies PDF Sitemap St. Luke's Mobile