St. Luke's Hospital
Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
Find a Physician Payment Options Locations & Directions
Follow us on: facebook twitter Mobile Email Page Email Page Print Page Print Page Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size Font Size
America's 50 Best Hospitals
Meet the Doctor
Spirit of Women
Community Health Needs Assessment
Home > Health Information

Multimedia Encyclopedia

    Print-Friendly
    Bookmarks

    Shin splints - self-care

    Lower leg pain - self-care; Pain - shins - self-care; Anterior tibial pain- self-care; Medial tibial stress syndrome- self-care; MTSS- self-care; Exercise-induced leg pain- self-care; Tibial periostitis- self-care; Posterior tibial shin splints- self-care

    Shin splints is when you have pain in the front of your lower leg. The pain of shin splints is from the swelling of the muscles, tendons, and bone tissue around your shin.

    Know that shin splints are a common problem for runners, gymnasts, dancers, and military recruits.

    Learn what you can do to heal from shin splints and prevent them from getting worse. Know that untreated shin splits can turn into stress fractures that will keep you from activities even longer.

    Causes

    Shin splints is an exercise problem. You get shin splints from overloading your shin bone.

    Shin splints happen from overuse with too much activity or a change in training. Usually the activity is high impact and repetitive exercise of your lower legs. This is why runners, dancers, and gymnasts often get shin splints. Common activities that cause shin splints are:

    • Running, especially on hills. If you are a new runner, you are at greater risk for shin splints.
    • Upping your number of days of training
    • Increasing the amount of time in training, or going a longer distance
    • Doing exercise that has frequent stops and starts, such as dancing, basketball, or military training

    You are more at risk for shin splints if you:

    • Have flat feet or a very rigid foot arches
    • Work out on hard surfaces, such as running on the street or playing basketball or tennis on a hard court
    • Don't wear the proper shoes
    • Wear worn out shoes. Running shoes lose over half of their shock absorbing ability after 250 miles of use.

    Symptoms

    • Usually pain in both legs
    • Sharp or dull, aching pain in the front of your shin
    • Painwhen you push on your shins
    • Pain that gets worse during and after exercise
    • Pain that gets better with rest

    If you have severe shin splints, your legs may hurt even when you are not walking.

    Decrease Your Activity

    Expect that you need at least 2 to 4 weeks of rest from your sport or exercise.

    • Avoid repetitive exercise of your lower leg for 1 to 2 weeks. Keep your activity to just the walking that you do during your regular day.
    • Try other low impact activities as long as you don't have pain, such as swimming or biking.

    After 2 to 4 weeks, if the pain is gone, you can start your usual activities. Increase your activity level slowly. If the pain returns, stop exercising right away.

    Know that shin splints can take 3 to 6 months to heal. Do not rush back into your sport or exercise. You could injure yourself again.

    Reduce Your Pain and Swelling

    • Ice your shins. Ice several times a day for 3 days or until pain is gone.
    • Do stretching exercises.
    • Take ibuprofen, naproxen, or aspirin to decrease swelling and to help with pain. Know these medicines have side effects and can cause ulcers and bleeding. Talk to your doctor about how much you can take.
    • Use arch supports. Talk with your doctor and physical therapist about wearing the proper shoes, and about special shock-absorbing insoles or orthotics to wear inside your shoes.
    • Work with a physical therapist. They can use therapies that may help with the pain. They can teach you exercises to strengthen your leg muscles.

    Prevent Shin Splints When Exercise Again

    • Be pain-free for at least 2 weeks before returning to your exercise routine.
    • Do not overdo your exercise routine. Do not return to your previous level of intensity. Go slower, for a shorter time. Increase your training slowly.
    • Warm up and stretch before and after exercise.
    • Ice your shins after exercise to decrease swelling.
    • Avoid hard surfaces.
    • Wear proper shoes with good support and padding.
    • Cross train: add in low impact exercise such as swimming or biking.

    When to Call the Doctor

    Shin splints are usually not serious. Call your health care provider if:

    • You have pain even with rest, icing, and pain relievers after several weeks
    • You are not sure whether your pain is caused by shin splints
    • Swelling in your lower legs is getting worse
    • Your shin is red and feels hot to the touch

    Your doctor may take an x-ray to make sure you don't have a stress fracture. They also will check to make sure you don't have another shin problem, such as tendonitis or compartment syndrome.

    References

    Carr K, Sevetson E, Aukerman D. Clinical inquiries. How can you help athletes prevent and treat shin splints? J Fam Pract. 2008;57:406-408.

    Bederka B, Amendola A. Leg pain and exertional compartment syndromes. In: DeLee JC, Drez D, Jr., Miller MD, eds. DeLee and Drez's Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa. Saunders Elsevier;2009:chap 24.

    BACK TO TOP

          A Closer Look

          Self Care

          Tests for Shin splints - self-care

            Review Date: 11/15/2012

            Reviewed By: C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

            The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
            adam.com

            A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Fire Fox and chrome browser.


            Back  |  Top
            About Us
            Contact Us
            History
            Mission
            Locations & Directions
            Quality Reports
            Annual Reports
            Honors & Awards
            Community Health Needs
            Assessment

            Newsroom
            Services
            Brain & Spine
            Cancer
            Heart
            Maternity
            Orthopedics
            Pulmonary
            Sleep Medicine
            Urgent Care
            Women's Services
            All Services
            Patients & Visitors
            Locations & Directions
            Find a Physician
            Tour St. Luke's
            Patient & Visitor Information
            Contact Us
            Payment Options
            Financial Assistance
            Send a Card
            Mammogram Appointments
            Health Tools
            My Personal Health
            mystlukes
            Spirit of Women
            Health Information & Tools
            Clinical Trials
            Health Risk Assessments
            Employer Programs -
            Passport to Wellness

            Classes & Events
            Classes & Events
            Spirit of Women
            Donate & Volunteer
            Giving Opportunities
            Volunteer
            Physicians & Employees
            For Physicians
            Remote Access
            Medical Residency Information
            Pharmacy Residency Information
            Physician CPOE Training
            Careers
            Careers
            St. Luke's Hospital - 232 South Woods Mill Road - Chesterfield, MO 63017 Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
            Copyright © St. Luke's Hospital Website Terms and Conditions  |  Privacy Policy  |  Patient Notice of Privacy Policies PDF Sitemap St. Luke's Mobile