St. Luke's Hospital
Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
Find a Physician Payment Options Locations & Directions
Follow us on: facebook twitter Mobile Email Page Email Page Print Page Print Page Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size Font Size
America's 50 Best Hospitals
Meet the Doctor
Spirit of Women
Community Health Needs Assessment
Home > Health Information

Multimedia Encyclopedia

    Print-Friendly
    Bookmarks

    Bilirubin - urine

    Conjugated bilirubin - urine; Direct bilirubin - urine

    Bilirubin is a yellowish pigment found in bile, a fluid produced by the liver.

    This article is about a lab test to measure the amount of bilirubin in the urine. Large amounts of bilirubin in the body can lead to jaundice.

    Bilirubin may also be measured with a blood test.

    How the Test is Performed

    This test can be done on any urine sample.

    For an infant, thoroughly wash the area where urine exits the body.

    • Open a urine collection bag (a plastic bag with an adhesive paper on one end).
    • For males, place the entire penis in the bag and attach the adhesive to the skin.
    • For females, place the bag over the labia.
    • Diaper as usual over the secured bag.

    This procedure may take a few tries. An active baby can move the bag causing urine to go into the diaper.

    Check the infant often and change the bag after the infant has urinated into it. Drain the urine from the bag into the container provided by your health care provider.

    Deliver the sample to the laboratory or to your health care provider as soon as possible.

    How to Prepare for the Test

    Many medicines can interfere with blood test results.

    • Your health care provider will tell you if you need to stop taking any medicines before you have this test.
    • Do not stop or change your medications without talking to your doctor first.

    How the Test Will Feel

    The test involves only normal urination, and there is no discomfort.

    Why the Test is Performed

    This test may be done to diagnose liver or gallbladder problems.

    Normal Results

    Bilirubin is not normally found in the urine.

    What Abnormal Results Mean

    Increased levels of bilirubin in the urine may be due to:

    • Biliary tract disease
    • Cirrhosis
    • Gallstones in the biliary tract
    • Hepatitis
    • Liver disease
    • Tumors of the liver or gallbladder

    Considerations

    Bilirubin can break down in light. That is why babies with jaundice are sometimes placed under blue fluorescent lamps.

    References

    Berk PD, Korenblat KM. Approach to the patient with jaundice or abnormal liver test results. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 149.

    BACK TO TOP

    • Male urinary system

      illustration

      • Male urinary system

        illustration

      A Closer Look

        Talking to your MD

          Self Care

            Tests for Bilirubin - urine

            Review Date: 5/11/2013

            Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

            The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
            adam.com

            A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Fire Fox and chrome browser.


            Back  |  Top
            About Us
            Contact Us
            History
            Mission
            Locations & Directions
            Quality Reports
            Annual Reports
            Honors & Awards
            Community Health Needs
            Assessment

            Newsroom
            Services
            Brain & Spine
            Cancer
            Heart
            Maternity
            Orthopedics
            Pulmonary
            Sleep Medicine
            Urgent Care
            Women's Services
            All Services
            Patients & Visitors
            Locations & Directions
            Find a Physician
            Tour St. Luke's
            Patient & Visitor Information
            Contact Us
            Payment Options
            Financial Assistance
            Send a Card
            Mammogram Appointments
            Health Tools
            My Personal Health
            mystlukes
            Spirit of Women
            Health Information & Tools
            Clinical Trials
            Health Risk Assessments
            Employer Programs -
            Passport to Wellness

            Classes & Events
            Classes & Events
            Spirit of Women
            Donate & Volunteer
            Giving Opportunities
            Volunteer
            Physicians & Employees
            For Physicians
            Remote Access
            Medical Residency Information
            Pharmacy Residency Information
            Physician CPOE Training
            Careers
            Careers
            St. Luke's Hospital - 232 South Woods Mill Road - Chesterfield, MO 63017 Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
            Copyright © St. Luke's Hospital Website Terms and Conditions  |  Privacy Policy  |  Patient Notice of Privacy Policies PDF Sitemap St. Luke's Mobile