St. Luke's Hospital
Located in Chesterfield, MO
Main Number: 314-434-1500
Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
Find a Physician Payment Options Locations & Directions
Follow us on: facebook twitter Mobile Email Page Email Page Print Page Print Page Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size Font Size
Meet the Doctor
Spirit of Women
Community Health Needs Assessment
Home > Health Information

Multimedia Encyclopedia


    Genital injury

    Scrotal trauma; Straddle injury; Toilet seat injury

    A genital injury is an injury to male or female sex organs, especially those outside the body. It also refers to injury in the area between the legs, called the perineum.


    Injury to the genitals can be very painful. It may cause a lot of bleeding. Such injury can affect the reproductive organs and the bladder and urethra.

    Damage may be temporary or permanent.


    Genital injury in young girls may be caused by placing items into the vagina. Young girls (usually less than 4 years of age) may do this during normal exploration of the body. Objects used may include toilet tissue, crayons, beads, pins, or buttons.

    It is important to rule out sexual abuse, rape, and assault. The health care provider should ask the girl how the object was placed there.

    In young boys, common causes of genital injury include:

    • Having the toilet seat fall down onto the area
    • Getting the area caught in a pant zipper
    • Straddle injury - falling and landing with the legs on each side of a bar, such as a monkey bar or middle of a bicycle


    • Abdominal pain
    • Bleeding
    • Bruising
    • Affected area has changed in shape
    • Faintness
    • Object embedded in a body opening
    • Groin pain or genital pain (can be extreme)
    • Swelling
    • Urine drainage
    • Vomiting
    • A wound
    • Urination, painful or inability to urinate
    • Foul-smelling vaginal discharge

    First Aid

    Keep the person calm. Be sensitive to privacy. Cover the injured area while giving first aid.

    Control bleeding by using direct pressure. Place a clean cloth or sterile dressing on any open wounds. If the vagina is bleeding severely, put sterile gauze or clean cloths on the area, unless a foreign body is suspected.

    Apply cold compresses to help reduce swelling.

    If the testicles have been injured, support them with a sling made from towels. Place them on like a diaper.

    If there is an object stuck in a body opening or wound, leave it alone and seek medical attention. Taking it out may cause further damage.

    DO NOT

    Do not try to remove an object by yourself. Seek medical help immediately.

    Never volunteer your thoughts on how you think the injury happened. If you think the injury was the result of assault or abuse, do NOT let the person change clothes or take a bath or shower. See immediate medical help.

    When to Contact a Medical Professional

    A straddle injury is damage to the testicle or urinary tract. Immediately get medical help if there is:

    • A lot of swelling or bruising
    • Blood in the urine

    Call seek immediate medical help if there is a genital injury and:

    • Pain, bleeding, swelling
    • A concern about sexual abuse
    • Problems urinating
    • Blood in the urine


    Teach safety to young children and create a safe environment for them. Also, keep small objects out of the reach of toddlers.


    Gerber GS, Brendler CB. Evaluation of the urologic patient: History, physical examination, and the urinalysis. In: Wein AJ, ed. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 3.


    • Female reproductive anat...


    • Male reproductive anatom...


    • Normal female anatomy


      • Female reproductive anat...


      • Male reproductive anatom...


      • Normal female anatomy


      A Closer Look

        Talking to your MD

          Self Care

          Tests for Genital injury

            Review Date: 9/16/2011

            Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Scott Miller, MD, Urologist in private practice in Atlanta, Georgia. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

            The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

            A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Fire Fox and chrome browser.

            Back  |  Top
            About Us
            Contact Us
            Locations & Directions
            Quality Reports
            Annual Reports
            Honors & Awards
            Community Health Needs

            Brain & Spine
            Sleep Medicine
            Urgent Care
            Women's Services
            All Services
            Patients & Visitors
            Locations & Directions
            Find a Physician
            Tour St. Luke's
            Patient & Visitor Information
            Contact Us
            Payment Options
            Financial Assistance
            Send a Card
            Mammogram Appointments
            Health Tools
            My Personal Health
            Spirit of Women
            Health Information & Tools
            Clinical Trials
            Employer Programs -
            Passport to Wellness

            Classes & Events
            Classes & Events
            Spirit of Women
            Donate & Volunteer
            Giving Opportunities
            Physicians & Employees
            For Physicians
            Remote Access
            Medical Residency Information
            Pharmacy Residency Information
            Physician CPOE Training
            St. Luke's Hospital - 232 South Woods Mill Road - Chesterfield, MO 63017 Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
            Copyright © St. Luke's Hospital Website Terms and Conditions  |  Privacy Policy  |  Notice of Privacy Practices PDF  |  Patient Rights PDF Sitemap St. Luke's Mobile