Splenic infarction is the death of tissue (necrosis) in the spleen due to a blockage in blood flow.
Common causes of splenic infarction include:
Connell NT, Shurin SB, Schiffman FJ. The spleen and its disorders. In: Hoffman R, Benz EJ Jr., Silberstein LE, Heslop HE, Weitz JI, Anastasi J, eds. Hematology: Best Principles and Practice. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2013:chap 162.
Spleen anatomy - illustration
The spleen is an organ that filters the blood, stores blood cells, removes old red blood cells, and produces certain white blood cells.
Review Date: 8/9/2015
Reviewed By: Laura J. Martin, MD, MPH, ABIM Board Certified in Internal Medicine and Hospice and Palliative Medicine, Atlanta, GA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.