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Medial

 

Medial means toward the middle or center. It is the opposite of lateral. The term is used to describe general positions of body parts. For example, the chest is medial to the arm.

Your health care provider may use this term to clearly explain the relationship between things found during a physical exam or on medical tests.

 

References

Drake RL, Vogel AW, Mitchell AWM. The body. In: Drake RL, Vogel AW, Mitchell AWM, eds. Gray's Atlas of Anatomy. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2015:chap 1.

 
  • Anatomical landmarks, back view

    Anatomical landmarks, back view - illustration

    There are three body views (front, back and side) that may be helpful if you are uncertain of a body area. Many areas are referred to by both descriptive and technical names. For example, the back of the knee is called the popliteal fossa. However, areas like the "flank" may not have both names, so the location may be unclear.

    Anatomical landmarks, back view

    illustration

  • Anatomical landmarks, front view

    Anatomical landmarks, front view - illustration

    There are three body views (front, back and side) that may be helpful if you are uncertain of a body area. Many areas are referred to by both descriptive and technical names. For example, the back of the knee is called the popliteal fossa. However, areas like the "flank" may not have both names, so the location may be unclear.

    Anatomical landmarks, front view

    illustration

  • Medial orientation

    Medial orientation - illustration

    Medial orientation refers to a position toward the middle or center. For example, the big toe is medial to the second toe on the same foot.

    Medial orientation

    illustration

    • Anatomical landmarks, back view

      Anatomical landmarks, back view - illustration

      There are three body views (front, back and side) that may be helpful if you are uncertain of a body area. Many areas are referred to by both descriptive and technical names. For example, the back of the knee is called the popliteal fossa. However, areas like the "flank" may not have both names, so the location may be unclear.

      Anatomical landmarks, back view

      illustration

    • Anatomical landmarks, front view

      Anatomical landmarks, front view - illustration

      There are three body views (front, back and side) that may be helpful if you are uncertain of a body area. Many areas are referred to by both descriptive and technical names. For example, the back of the knee is called the popliteal fossa. However, areas like the "flank" may not have both names, so the location may be unclear.

      Anatomical landmarks, front view

      illustration

    • Medial orientation

      Medial orientation - illustration

      Medial orientation refers to a position toward the middle or center. For example, the big toe is medial to the second toe on the same foot.

      Medial orientation

      illustration

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      Review Date: 7/13/2016

      Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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