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Toxins

 

Toxins are substances created by plants and animals that are poisonous to humans. Toxins also include some medicines that are helpful in small doses, but poisonous in large amounts.

Most toxins that cause problems in humans come from germs such as bacteria. For example, cholera is caused by a poisonous bacteria.

Other toxins that cause problems include metals, such as lead, and certain chemicals in the environment.

Related topics:

  • Toxic epidermal necrolysis (a serious skin condition)
  • Toxic hepatitis (liver disease)
  • Toxic injury of the kidney
  • Toxic shock syndrome (a complication caused by some bacterial infections)

 

References

Kao LW, Rusyniak DE. Chronic poisoning, trace metals and others. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 22.

Nelson LS, Ford MD. Acute poisoning. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 110.

Russell JA. Shock syndromes related to sepsis. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 108.

 
  • Bacteria

    Bacteria - illustration

    Bacterial infections can lead to the formation of pus, or to the spread of the bacteria in the blood.

    Bacteria

    illustration

    • Bacteria

      Bacteria - illustration

      Bacterial infections can lead to the formation of pus, or to the spread of the bacteria in the blood.

      Bacteria

      illustration

    A Closer Look

     

      Self Care

       

        Tests for Toxins

         

           

          Review Date: 4/30/2015

          Reviewed By: Laura J. Martin, MD, MPH, ABIM Board Certified in Internal Medicine and Hospice and Palliative Medicine, Atlanta, GA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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