Vasoconstriction is the narrowing (constriction) of blood vessels by small muscles in their walls. When blood vessels constrict, blood flow is slowed or blocked.
Vasoconstriction may be slight or severe. It may result from disease, drugs, or psychological conditions. Medicines that cause vasoconstriction include:
- Decongestants, including pseudoephedrine
- Cough and cold combinations
Medicines may be used to increase or reduce vasoconstriction in very ill people.
Vasocontriction - illustration
Vasoconstriction is constriction or narrowing of a blood vessel. When a blood vessel constricts, the flow of blood is restricted or slowed. Medications may be used to treat vasoconstriction or to cause vasoconstriction.
Review Date: 1/31/2015
Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.