PyloroplastyPeptic ulcer - pyloroplasty; PUD - pyloroplasty; Pyloric obstruction - pyloroplasty
Pyloroplasty is surgery to widen the opening in the lower part of the stomach (pylorus) so that stomach contents can empty into the small intestine ( duodenum ).
The duodenum is the first part of the small intestine. It is located between the stomach and the middle part of the small intestine, or jejunum. Aft...
The pylorus is a thick, muscular area. When it thickens, food cannot pass through.
The surgery is done while you are under general anesthesia (asleep and pain-free).
General anesthesia is treatment with certain medicines that puts you into a deep sleep so you do not feel pain during surgery. After you receive the...
If you have open surgery, the surgeon:
- Makes a large surgical cut in your belly to open the area.
- Cuts through some of the thickened muscle so it becomes wider.
- Closes the cut in a way that keeps the pylorus open. This allows the stomach to empty.
Surgeons can also do this surgery using a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a tiny camera that is inserted into your belly through a small cut. Video from the camera will appear on a monitor in the operating room. The surgeon views the monitor to do the surgery. During the surgery:
- Three to five small cuts are made in your belly. The camera and other small tools will be inserted through these cuts.
- Your belly will be filled with gas to allow the surgeon to see the area and perform the surgery with more room to work.
- The pylorus is operated on as described above.
Why the Procedure Is Performed
Pyloroplasty is used to treat complications in people with peptic ulcers or other stomach problems that cause a blockage of the stomach opening.
A peptic ulcer is an open sore or raw area in the lining of the stomach or intestine. A gastric ulcer occurs in the stomach. A duodenal ulcer occurs ...
Risks for anesthesia and surgery in general are:
Reactions to medications or
Breathing difficulty may involve:Difficult breathingUncomfortable breathingFeeling like you are not getting enough air
, or infection
Bleeding is the loss of blood. Bleeding may be:Inside the body (internally) Outside the body (externally)Bleeding may occur:Inside the body when blo...
Blood clots are clumps that occur when blood hardens from a liquid to a solid. A blood clot that forms inside one of your veins or arteries is calle...
Risks for this surgery include:
- Damage to the intestine
A hernia is a sac formed by the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum). The sac comes through a hole or weak area in the strong layer of the be...
- Leakage of stomach contents
- Long-term diarrhea
Malnutrition is the condition that occurs when your body does not get enough nutrients.
- Tear in the lining of nearby organs (mucosal perforation)
Before the Procedure
Tell your surgeon:
- If you are or could be pregnant
- What medicines you're taking, including medicines, supplements, or herbs you bought without a prescription
During the days before your surgery:
- You may be asked to stop taking medicines that make it hard for your blood to clot. Some of these are aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), vitamin E, warfarin (Coumadin), and clopidogrel (Plavix).
- Ask your surgeon which drugs you should still take on the day of the surgery.
- If you smoke, try to stop. Ask your surgeon for help quitting.
On the day of your surgery:
- Follow instructions about not eating and drinking.
- Take the medicines your surgeon told you to take with a small sip of water.
- Arrive at the hospital on time.
After the Procedure
After surgery, the health care team will monitor your breathing, blood pressure, temperature, and heart rate. Most people can go home within 24 hours.
Most people recover quickly and completely. The average hospital stay is 2 to 3 days. Most people can slowly begin a regular diet in a few weeks.
Chan FKL, Lau JYW. Peptic ulcer disease. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease . 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 53.
Teitelbaum EN, Hungness ES, Mahvi DM. Stomach. In: Townsend CM, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 20th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 48.
Review Date: 9/17/2016
Reviewed By: Debra G. Wechter, MD, FACS, general surgery practice specializing in breast cancer, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.