Ribcage painPain - ribcage
Ribcage pain includes any pain or discomfort in the area of the ribs.
With a broken rib, the pain is worse when bending and twisting the body. This movement does not cause the pain in someone who has pleurisy (swelling of the lining of the lungs) or muscle spasms.
Pleurisy is an inflammation of the lining of the lungs and chest (the pleura) that leads to chest pain when you take a breath or cough.
Ribcage pain may be caused by any of the following:
- Bruised, cracked, or fractured rib
- Inflammation of cartilage near the breastbone (costochondritis)
- Pleurisy (the pain is worse when breathing deeply)
Rest and not moving the area (immobilization) are the best cures for a ribcage fracture.
If more pressure is put on a bone than it can stand, it will split or break. A break of any size is called a fracture. If the broken bone punctures...
Follow your health care provider's instructions for treating the cause of ribcage pain.
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Call for an appointment with your provider if you do not know the cause of the pain, or if it does not go away.
What to Expect at Your Office Visit
Your provider may perform a physical examination. You'll likely be asked about your symptoms, such as when the pain started, its location, the kind of pain you're having, and what makes it worse.
Tests that may be ordered include:
- Bone scan (if there is a known history of cancer or it is highly suspected)
A bone scan is an imaging test used to diagnose bone diseases and find out how severe they are.
- Chest x-ray
Your provider may prescribe treatment for your ribcage pain. Treatment depends on the cause.
Gottschalk A, Ochroch EA. Thoracic pain. In: McMahon SB, Koltzenburg M, Tracey I, Turk DC. Wall & Melzack's Textbook of Pain. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2013:chap 52.
Reynolds JH, Jones H. Thoracic trauma and related topics. In: Adam A, Dixon AK, Gillard JH, Schaefer-Prokop CM, eds. Grainger & Allison's Diagnostic Radiology: A Textbook of Medical Imaging. 6th ed. New York, NY: Elsevier Churchill-Livingstone; 2015:chap 17.
Review Date: 1/31/2015
Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.