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    Urine chemistry

    Chemistry - urine

    Urine chemistry is a group of one or more tests done to check the chemical content of a urine sample.

    How the Test is Performed

    For this test, a clean-catch (midstream) urine sample is needed. For more information, see: Urine collection - clean catch.

    Some tests require that you collect all of your urine for 24 hours.

    Your doctor will order certain tests, which will be done on the urine sample in a laboratory.

    How to Prepare for the Test

    For detailed information about how to prepare for the test, how the test will feel, risks with the test, and normal and abnormal values, please see the test your health care provider ordered:

    • 24-hour urinary aldosterone excretion rate
    • 24-hour urine protein
    • Acid loading test (pH)
    • Adrenalin - urine test
    • Amylase - urine
    • Bilirubin - urine
    • Calcium - urine
    • Citric acid urine test
    • Cortisol - urine
    • Creatinine - urine
    • Cytology exam of urine
    • Dopamine - urine test
    • Electrolytes - urine
    • Epinephrine - urine test
    • Glucose - urine
    • HCG (qualitative - urine)
    • Homovanillic acid (HVA)
    • Immunoelectrophoresis - urine
    • Immunofixation - urine
    • Ketones - urine
    • Leucine aminopeptidase - urine
    • Myoglobin - urine
    • Norepinephrine - urine test
    • Normetanephrine
    • Osmolality - urine
    • Porphyrins - urine
    • Potassium - urine
    • Protein electrophoresis - urine
    • Protein - urine
    • RBC - urine
    • Sodium - urine
    • Urea nitrogen - urine
    • Uric acid - urine
    • Urinalysis
    • Urine Bence-Jones protein
    • Urinary casts
    • Urine amino acids
    • Urine concentration test
    • Urine culture (catheterized specimen)
    • Urine culture (clean catch)
    • Urine dermatan sulfate
    • Urine - hemoglobin
    • Urine metanephrine
    • Urine pH
    • Urine specific gravity
    • Vanillylmandelic acid (VMA)

    Normal Results

    Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results.


    Landry DW, Bazari H. Approach to the patient with renal disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 116.


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      • Urine test


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            Tests for Urine chemistry

            Review Date: 8/14/2011

            Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

            The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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            St. Luke's Hospital - 232 South Woods Mill Road - Chesterfield, MO 63017 Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
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