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    Joint x-ray

    X-ray - joint; Arthrography; Arthrogram

    This test is an x-ray of a knee, shoulder, hip, wrist, ankle, or other joint.

    How the Test is Performed

    The test is done in a hospital radiology department or in the health care provider's office. The x-ray technologist will help you position the joint to be x-rayed on the table. Once in place, pictures are taken. The joint may be moved into other positions for more images.

    How to Prepare for the Test

    Tellthe health care provider if you are pregnant. Remove all jewelry before the x-ray.

    How the Test Will Feel

    The x-ray is painless. It may be uncomfortable to move the joint into different positions.

    Why the Test is Performed

    Thex-ray is used to detect fractures, tumors, or degenerative conditions of the joint.

    What Abnormal Results Mean

    The x-ray mayshow:

    • Arthritis
    • Fractures
    • Bone tumors
    • Degenerative bone conditions
    • Osteomyelitis (inflammation of the bone caused by an infection)

    The test may also be performed to find out more aboutthe following conditions:

    • Acute gouty arthritis (gout)
    • Adult-Onset Still's disease
    • Caplan syndrome
    • Chondromalacia patellae
    • Chronic gouty arthritis
    • Congenital dislocation of the hip
    • Fungal arthritis
    • Non-gonococcal (septic) bacterial arthritis
    • Osteoarthritis
    • Pseudogout
    • Psoriatic arthritis
    • Reiter syndrome
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
    • Runner's knee
    • Tuberculous arthritis


    There is low radiation exposure. X-ray machines are set to provide thesmallest amount of radiation exposure needed to produce the image. Most experts feel that the risk is low compared with the benefits. Pregnant women and children are more sensitive to the risks of the x-ray.


    Renner JB. Conventional radiography in musculoskeletal imaging. Radiol Clin North Am. 2009 May;47(3):357-72.


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              Tests for Joint x-ray

              Review Date: 4/14/2013

              Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

              The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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              St. Luke's Hospital - 232 South Woods Mill Road - Chesterfield, MO 63017 Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
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